When you are bitten by an animal there are many concerns that may cross your mind.
The first thing to do is to wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water.
Depending on the severity of the bite you may need to seek medical attention.
Report all bites to the police department.
If you are bitten by a cat or dog obtain as much information as possible, including the
owners name, address, phone number a description of the animal and the animal vaccination status.
The owner of the animal will be notified that the animal is under a ten day quarantine. This
simply means the dog must be kept home away from strangers and on a leash on their property when
taken outside. The reason for this is for the health department and animal control to be able to
check on this animal's health in ten days. Close
If you care . . .leave them there! NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection Division of Fish & Wildlife Help keep them wild! Every year during the spring and early summer, the lives of many young animals are disrupted.
People encountering young wild animals attempt to "save" them. Chances are the mother was close by, helplessly
watching as her young were taken. Although well meaning, efforts to "save" these babies often do more harm than good.
If not properly handled or raised these "saved" animals may be sentenced to a lifetime of captivity or reduced chances
of survival in the wild. It's a normal human instinct to want to care for a helpless-looking young animal that is found.
These newborn or newly hatched youngsters venturing into the world on shaky legs and untried wings are often learning
survival skills from their parents. The perils of survival are part of the natural world around us. Some young wildlife will
not survive. However, the ones that do survive are usually the most fit for their environment and to perpetuate the species.
Instinctively, some animals quickly develop the skills they need to survive. Ducklings are walking and feeding moments after
they're born. Robins, on the other hand, spend weeks in the nest being fed by their parents before they'll go out on their
own. Other animals develop survival skills over a longer period of time. Young raccoons must remain with their mother in a
family group throughout summer and into the winter learning how to survive. It is during this important developmental stage
when many baby animals are found and thought to be orphaned. Many people assume that young wildlife seen without a
parent have been abandoned. They believe the young animals are helpless and need to be saved. These acts of kindness
often decrease the animal's chances of survival and leading a natural life in the wild. When young animals are removed from
the wild they are denied the most important natural learning experiences. Worse, most people quickly find they do not really
know how to care for young animals. If the young animals do survive in captivity and are released back into the wild, they
have missed the experiences that help them to fend for themselves and are more likely to perish. Their ability to find natural
foods is limited. Their defenses against predators are lacking. And they may find themselves an unwelcome intruder in the
territory of another member of their species. Often, care given to young wildlife by untrained individuals unavoidably results
in some attachment to people. Upon release into the wild, those animals generally have little fear of humans. Some return to places
where people live, only to be attacked by domestic animals or to be hit by cars. Some become nuisances getting into stored food,
trash cans or dwellings. People have also been injured by once-tamed wildlife. Close
The dog must be kept at home at all times.
The dog may only be taken outside the house on a leash, under the control of an adult.
The dog may not be in contact with any persons other than the owners.
The dog may not be in contact with any other animals.
If the dog becomes ill or starts to act strangely you must immediately notify the Animal Control Officer.
If the dog should get away from the owner, you must immediately notify the Police Department so they may dispatch animal control.
If the dog should bite any person or animal during this quarantine you must immediately notify the Health Officer.
If you cannot quarantine this dog you may take it to the animal shelter for the quarantine period at a cost of $35.00 per day payable in advance.
Failure to comply with these conditions will result in fines, and the dog being taken to the animal shelter for the remainder of the quarantine period at the cost stated above. Understand that failure to comply with these rules is a violation of N.J.S.A.26: 4-82 resulting in the dog being impounded by animal control and possible prosecution. Close
You can actually increase young wildlife's chances of survival by following
one simple rule when finding them:
Leave them alone! It may be difficult to do, but this is the real act of kindness. In nearly all
cases, young wildlife do not need to be saved. Resist the temptation to help them.
Only when they are found injured or with their dead mother is there reason to do
something, and the State's wildlife law is specific about what may be done legally.
State law protects nearly all wild birds and mammals. They may not be legally
taken from the wild or kept in captivity. Never consider them as possible pets; it is
both illegal and unwise. They are wild animals that belong in the wild. However, a
distressed or injured wild animal may legally be kept temporarily with the
permission of the Division (other than a potentially dangerous species) provided
1. The Division of Fish and Wildlife law enforcement office in your area, DEP
Emergency Hotline, or the Wildlife Control Unit is notified of the situation
within 12 hours, and
2. The Division's Wildlife Control Unit prescribes a course of action that is in the best interest of the animal.
Normally the problem will be referred to a wildlife rehabilitator who has the
required experience, permits andfacilities to properly care for injuredand distressed wildlife.
3. See the list of licensed wildlife rehabilitators at www.njfishandwildlife.com/rehablst.htm
Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife
Wildlife Control Unit
Clinton Wildlife Management Area
141 Van Syckel's Road
Hampton, NJ 08827
Endangered and Nongame Species Program
PO Box 400
Trenton, NJ 08625-0400
609-292-9400 The Division of Fish and Wildlife is a professional, environmental organization
dedicated to the protection, management and wise use of the state's fish and wildlife resources.Close
As Humans expand their living areas and coyotes expand their range,
contact between the two is inevitable. Most of the time, coyotes go out
of their way to avoid humans. In urban areas the coyotes are changing
their behavior. The most serious problem is that the animals have become
very use to people. As they lose their fear of people they will become bolder,
approaching people, and may put themselves in hazardous situations that they
would normally avoid. Coyotes are not like a dog, it is dangerous to approach
or corner these animals. They are smart and they learn quickly. They can be
dangerous, and steps should be taken to avoid encouraging them to visit your
neighborhood. That means close garbage cans lids tightly, do not leave any food
outside, and do not leave small pets outside unattended. Coyotes have been known
to attack caged rabbits, cats, and frequently take small dogs. It is best not to
leave small animals outside alone, if you must leave an animal outside it is recommended that you leave lights on,
this may deter the coyote from entering your property.
Most towns in Bergen and Passaic Counties have a thriving population of Coyotes. Although there have
not been any attacks on humans in these counties. People should always be cautious when dealing with all
wildlife, no matter how cute an animal is you should not attempt to catch or touch them. This is very important
if the animal is injured or sick. If you find an injured or sick animal always call your police and let them dispatch
professionals to handle the situation. Close
With the constant development and construction of new homes in our area, the resident deer have less area to habitat.
Through necessity the deer have learned to live side by side with the human population. They have found our extensive
landscaping to be quite delicious. They have learned for the most part, to avoid roadways during peak traffic hours.
They have discovered that bird feeders have very tasty grains in them. When they have their young they find secluded
yards to leave them in while they look for food. For the most part deer have learned to cope with our urban sprawl.
Unfortunately there are times when deer do become injured or sick. If a deer is involved in a collision with a car
they are usually the loser. If you find a deer injured or dead on the roadway you should notify your police department.
If a deer appears limping or bleeding you should notify the Police. They will determine if animal control needs to respond.
If you notice a deer lying down in your yard that does not mean something is wrong with the deer. Deer will chose yards
with bushes and pines trees, they will settle into these locations usually for a day, leaving at night. If there is snow
or foul weather they may choose to stay for a few days. It is these moments that you should enjoy the opportunity that
living in Northern New Jersey affords you. Enjoy these beautiful animals from a distance. Do not attempt to approach or
feed them. Deer, when they feel threatened can charge, kick, or bite you. Close
NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND SENIOR SERVICES
GUIDE TO PROPER HANDLING OF BAT EXPOSURES
Rabies in humans is rare in the USA, with usually 1-2 human cases per year. The most common source of human rabies in the USA is bats. Bats have increasingly been implicated as wildlife reservoirs in the transmission of rabies to humans. Among the 19 naturally occurring cases of rabies in humans from 1997-2006, 17 (90%) were associated with bats. Three of the 17 cases were bitten by a bat, 11 either handled or had direct contact with bats but had no known bites and 3 reported no encounters with bats. These findings suggest that limited or seemingly insignificant physical contact with rabid bats may result in transmission of rabies virus to humans, even without a definite history of a bite. Annually in New Jersey, approximately 1,000 bats are submitted for laboratory testing with 40 confirmed positive for rabies.
New Jersey History
A Warren County, New Jersey man died of rabies on October 23, 1997, apparently from contact with bats in his home in July. There was no known history of the patient being bitten or scratched, but he did remove several bats from his residence using "rags" over his hands to protect himself. This was the first human case of rabies in New Jersey since 1971, when a person who was bitten by a rabid bat refused to complete rabies treatment (post exposure prophylaxis) and eventually developed the disease and died.
Management of Known or Possible Rabies Exposures from Bats
Rabies post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is recommended for all persons with a known or suspect bite, scratch, or mucus membrane exposure to a bat unless prompt laboratory testing of the bat has ruled out rabies infection. PEP may be appropriate even in the absence of a demonstrable bite, scratch or mucus membrane exposure in situations where there is a reasonable probability that such an exposure occurred.
Because bat bites may be less severe, heal rapidly, and therefore be more difficult to find or recognize than bites inflicted by larger mammals, PEP may also be considered for:
1. Direct (bare skin) contact between a human and a bat, unless the person can be certain that an exposure did not occur, and
2. Persons in the same room as a bat and who might be unaware that a bite occurred, such as:
a. An unsupervised infant,
b. A sleeping adult, or
c. An intoxicated or mentally disabled person.
The absence of an identifiable bite wound should not negate the decision to treat, as bat bite wounds are extremely small and may be virtually undetectable within hours. An awake person merely being in close proximity to a rabid or suspect rabid bat does not constitute an exposure, however. In general, PEP is not recommended for other household members who do not meet the exposure criteria described above.
Physicians should consider initiating immediate rabies post exposure prophylaxis for bat bites, prior to completion of the rabies testing in the following high-risk cases:
1. Where there are bites to the face or neck,
2. The bat was aggressive or ill, or
3. When testing is delayed.
Specimen Collection and Submission for Laboratory Testing
In all instances of potential human exposure involving bats, the bat in question should be collected and submitted to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (NJDHSS) Rabies Laboratory for testing, if possible. Residents reporting a bat in the home should be instructed to leave the bat alone until the ACO or other responder arrives on the scene to capture the bat. Residents should not be told to open a window or otherwise release the bat from the home. ACOs, police officers and other officials responding to "bat in the house" situations should safely capture the bat, if possible.
The head of the bat should not be crushed or destroyed during capture, as this may render the brain tissue unsatisfactory for rabies testing. Bats can be safely captured utilizing leather work gloves, a small box or coffee can, a piece of cardboard, and tape by following these steps:
1. Put on the leather work gloves,
2. Place the box or can over the bat,
3. Slide the cardboard under the box or can to trap the bat inside,
4. Tape the cardboard to the box or can securely, and
5. Punch small holes in the top.
The captured bat should be held it until a determination is made by local health officials as to whether testing is necessary. If the bat is submitted for testing, a veterinarian or ACO can euthanize the bat, or alternatively, bats can be shipped to the Rabies Laboratory alive, with a clearly visible label on the container indicating that it contains a "LIVE BAT". If the bat is dead, it should be kept at cool temperatures during storage and transportation to prevent decomposition, which will render the bat unsatisfactory for testing. Bats that bite people should be delivered directly to the Rabies Laboratory and tested on a priority basis; the use of couriers and delivery services which delay specimen transport by more than 24 hours should not be used in this situation. However, in situations where a bat is found in the house and there are no known bites or scratches, immediate human treatment or emergency (e.g., weekend) testing of bats is not usually indicated.
Public education efforts should stress that contact with downed bats and other ill‑appearing wildlife should be avoided and all physical contact with bats should be carefully evaluated by a physician for possible rabies PEP. It should be emphasized that PEP may be indicated even in the absence of puncture wounds or specific a history of a bite.
Because reduction of bat populations is not a feasible or desirable strategy for rabies control in bats, human and domestic animal contact with bats should be minimized by physical exclusion of bats from houses and surrounding structures by sealing entrances used by bats. Bats should not be routinely captured or handled and should never be kept as pets.
In addition, all dogs and cats should be currently vaccinated against rabies to provide a barrier to human exposures to wildlife rabies through pets.